Sakenan Temple is one of the important temples located in the southern region of Bali, located on the coast in the northwest of Serangan Island, which is a small island about 10 kilometers south of Denpasar. This temple still has a connection with the Buddha, which mellih Ida Bhatara Sakya Muni. As with any other temple, any visitor who wishes to enter the sacred shrine of Sakenan Temple is obliged to wear a sarong and belt of Balinese cloth and for which the woman is not in her menstrual period.
Serangan Island where Sakenan Temple is only 2.9 km wide with 1 kilometer wide. Name Attack comes from the word sira and angen or "miss / love". Sakenan Temple is built with a background of gratitude of people who feel sira angen with the natural beauty of this island.
Based on the ejection of Dwijendra Tattwa, Sakenan's name is derived from the word sakya which means "can directly unite the mind". The "Sakya", in the history of Siwa Buddha in Bali, comes from the word Sakyamuni, the real name of Sidharta Gautama. Lontar described that on the northwest edge of Serangan, Danghyang Niratha was stunned to see the calm natural beauty of the sea with beautiful beaches. Therefore, he built a temple called the "Sakenan Temple".
In the palm of Usana Bali, Mpu Kuturan or Mpu Rajakretha build a temple based on the concept he brought from Majapahit (East Java) to be implemented in Bali entirely. This Sakenan Temple was built by Mpu Kuturan in the 10th century AD (about 1005 AD). Mpu Kuturan arrived in Bali in the year 1001 AD before the collapse of the Majapahit Kingdom, in order to redefine the socio-religious aspects of Balinese society. Prabhu Udayana and Professor Kuturan are Buddhist Mahayana Sakyamuni.
During the reign of Sri Dalem Ktut Ngulasir of the Gelgel kingdom, the people of Serangan were ordered to worship the Bhatara in a place previously cleansed by the Kuturan Empu and named it "Parahyangan Dalem Sakenan". The name Sakenan is derived from Sakyamuni, which is the Buddhist teaching professed by the Professor of Kuturan. In the reign of Dalem Waturenggong (1411 saka or 1489 AD), he and Dang Hyang Nirartha mentioned build pelinggih Sekar Kancing Gelung in Sakenan Temple. When Danghyang Nirartha travels around Bali to visit the holy places, he arrives at Serangan Island. In Dwijendra Tattwa it is written:
"... after Danghyang Nirartha purifies himself on the Mount of Payung, then he proceeds along the beautiful and fascinating sea coast to the north.The beach is quite beautiful with its whitened sand giving a fascinating natural beauty, coupled with the herembusnya wind and the ocean that can refresh his body. "
Finally, there Danghyang Nirartha built a pelinggih (sacred building) in Pura or Kahyangan Sakenan.
According to the local community, Sakenan Temple was originally shaped only a shining stone discovered by Danghyang Astapaka when traveling to Bali in 1530 AD, he finally made the temple. Furthermore, Pedanda Sakti Wawu Rauh (Dang Hyang Nirartha) saw the temple and perfected it by performing the ceremony. The temple was later named Sakenan Temple.
I Wayan Leder, one of the leaders of Serangan Village, said that around 1982, before a massive reclamation, the people of Serangan took out the land of one head of a jukung family to widen the Pura Dalem Sakenan in the west. To the east of the temple, at high tide, the road becomes disconnected. The area is then reclaimed by the people of Serangan so it becomes what it is now. The land acquisition process began in 1990 and the reclamation process finally began in 1996. Despite the many protests, especially from among the fishermen of Jukung boats who rented boats for Bali-Serangan transportation as well as from among students and NGOs, the reclamation now provides great benefits to the island community Attacks, especially in tourism and education, as well as for pilgrims who do not dare to ride jukung or hampered because they have to queue jukung. In fact, Jukung fishermen also earn income from parking vehicles at Sakenan Temple.
On 8 April 1999, Sakenan Temple was handed over by Dispenda Badung to the Serangan community. The Serangan people carry out these responsibilities according to the Tri Hita Karana concept: Serangan Customary Villagers do gotong-royong cleanliness around the temple, the committee welcomes the arrival of the committee from the district, and has 27 stakeholders.
Sakenan Temple concept swamandala (consisting of pelinggih-pelinggih and buildings) which is divided into two thresher that is "Pura Dalem Sakenan" and "Pura Pesamuan / Penataran Agung Sakenan". Large buildings were once renovated except for the antique walls that surround the yard, while the smaller ones still retain their old style. The old building was built of limestone and corals obtained from the surrounding coastal reefs.
The number of pages in the Sakenan Temple are three (trimandala) \, namely "main mandala", "madya mandala", and "mandala nista". Each of the courtyards is bordered by a wall surrounded by a glorious chorus culminated with sculptures, moth, and bebetelan.
In the "main mandala" there are a number of pelinggih such as temples, crown bale, bale pesandekan, and apit lawang. On the front page is Candi Kurung (connecting "main mandala" with "madya mandala") flanked by two statues of Ganesha. On this page there are also pelinggih as worship of Jro Dukuh Sakti; Meru Tumpang Tiga as stana Batara Batur, Intaran, and Ida Batara Muter; Gedong Jati as stana Ida Ratu Ayu; and Gedong (Tajuk) as stana Batara Buitan and Batara Muntur. There is also a large bale or bale paruman that serves as a place of faction of the stakeholders, the place of purification of pratima Ida Batara, and the place of the sulinggih and the kings at the time of ceremony pujawali.
Madala mandala is surrounded by a complete enclosure wall with Candi Bentar in the west and petetesan in the north and east. Nista mandala is just a blank page. In the temple yard there are two big trees that are decorated with Balinese chessboard patterned fabrics that are regarded as home to the protective spirits in the temple grounds.
Pura Dalem Sakenan includes Samudra Kertih, the place of worship (stana) Sang Hyang Sandhijaya (Tatmajuja) or Ida Hyang Dewa Biswarna (Baruna) standing on the shores of southern Serangan Village. He is the keeper of Segara Pakretih (tranquility of the oceans / oceans) for the salvation of the world, removes all kinds of obstacles in the world, and all kinds of diseases, and sanctifies all kinds of kala, bhuta, and human.
Agriculture and tourism
Based on Purana Pura Sakenan compiled by Bali Culture Department team, in the ancient time Sakenan Temple is a place of krama subak to beg for the fields not affected by diseases and pests of plants, begging blessings, and the welfare of life. The Purana also mentions that Sakenan Hyang keeps the sage and Hyang Masceti guards the mice so as not to damage the farmers' fields and fields.
Now the livelihoods of the people around the Sakenan region have turned to the tourism sector, especially marine tourism (surfing). Sakenan Temple is a place of worship to request the welfare of life and safety on the tourist objects located in Sanur, Kuta, Nusa Dua, and Denpasar.
Celebration of the temple's birthday
Pujawali (grand celebration) and piodalan (birthday) Sakenan temple falls every Saturday Kliwon Kuningan according to the calendar of Pawukon Bali which is 210 days long. The celebration lasted for three days with a peak on Sunday. Celebration celebration coincides with the celebration of Kuningan (feast), 10 days after Galungan. Hundreds of pilgrims from various temples come by walking or using wooden boats to Sakenan Temple on Serangan Island. Usually the celebration is also enlivened various performances such as Barongan dance to Mask dance. Kuningan itself is one of the feast day devoted to worship the god Vishnu is the god of welfare in the world. For Hindus in Bali, Kuningan is a time when the ancestors returned to the sky after a while on earth.
Prior to the land reclamation carried out in the 1990s, pilgrims brought ancient heirlooms and other sacred objects by walking across the mangrove forests to Serangan Island. If the seawater is high, they use traditional outrigger boats to pass by. Now, the island's mainland is easily reached by a 110-meter-long bridge.
After arriving at Serangan Island, pilgrims stopped at the Wadon Structure Temple, located about half a kilometer east of the Sakenan Temple. Furthermore, the pilgrimage continues to the Temple of the Great Arrangement, then Pura Dalem Sakenan which is close to the westernmost beach of Serangan Island. In his literary studies, this series can be traced from the words of Wadon's Structure Temple, Agung's Arrangement, and Pura Dalem Sakenan. There is a sense of Purusa, Pradhana, and the Supreme Order as "Lingga", "Yoni", and "the place of unification between Purusa and Pradana" (the union of the self with the maharoh as the origin of every living being). This understanding is found Mpu Kuturan so gave birth Sunura Pagoda and Wadon Composition. There is also the same thing at the time of Dang Hyang Nirartha's presence so that, as a tribute to her, is made a pelinggih Pura Dalem Sakenan which is a union between Shiva and Buddha.